what was traded on the tea horse road

), which was often more than their own body weight in tea. The ancient Tea Horse trade route (also known as the Southern Silk Road) is a sprawling web of millennia-old paths connecting Southeast Asia to southwest China and Tibet. Trade in tea, horses, medicines and other goods were transported by caravans (mabang马帮), and thus the network of trails was called the Tea Horse Road. Guide, China Top Besides tea, silk products from Chengdu, notably Shujin (蜀锦), was also traded through this road to South Asian from around 2000 years ago. LINKING TIBET WITH THE HINTERLAND. Ancient trade routes have always whispered an invitation to me, conjuring the tempting fragrance of danger, the sweat of pack horses, and the delights of exotic spices, silks and tea. The Tea Horse Road was the route through Yunnan that brought tea to the rest of China and to the West. By making this important military road a Tea-Horse Trade route, the exchange of tea and fabric for horses stimulated tea planting and expedited the development of the Tea-Horse Trade. Attractions, China For thousands of years, numerous caravans had been quietly traveling along it.The ancient Tea Horse Road was a trade route mainly through Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet. LUX * Tea Horse Road takes you on a wildly unique journey from Pu’er to Dali, Lijiang, Shangri-La and all the way to Benzilan—one of the last stops. History, Chinese their way. In this region, near upper Mekong, there was the junction of the Sichuan and Yunnan branches of the route. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Discover . Extend a Chengdu tour to Kangding. For travelers, however, it was a dangerous and risky journey. A 'tea-for-horse' trade was thus established, under which transporting tea to Tibet was an important government policy. It began from Simao (a major tea-producing area) and led to Lhasa, crossing Pu'er in Xishuangbanna, Dali, Lijiang, and Shangri-La, and continuing to Nepal, Burma, and India. The Tea Horse Road originated from Chamahushi (茶马互市/Tea Horse Market) which was the traditional ‘tea-for-horse' or ‘horse-for-tea' trade between the Han and Tibetans. The Ancient Tea Horse Road rivaled the Silk Road trade routes for importance, and as the longest ancient trade road in the world, at more than 10,000 kilometers in length, but was certainly toughest to travel. The Ancient Tea Horse Road (in China) was a trade route mainly through Yunnan, Sichuan, and Tibet. The best known example to illustrate the importance of the horse in the history of Inner Asia is the Mongol Empire. It was thus the critical trade route connecting Yunnan to Southern Asia. Along the Tea Horse Road, the careful daily ritual of loading and unloading of commodities was considered an art form. Once the highway started handling the trade, it would not be long before the Tea Horse Road was forgotten. Generally speaking, (in China) the Ancient Tea Horse Road was divided into two major roads: the Sichuan–Tibet Tea Horse Road and the Yunnan–Tibet Tea Horse Road. The trade relied heavily on horses, mules. Tea, salt and sugar were once transported along these important trade routes to Tibet and, in the opposite direction, Tibetan horses were … No need to register, buy now! answer question and add new meaning to the horses yes I believe there was trade for tea, horses and silk that went all the way to Constantinople now called Istanbul. The Tea and Horse Caravan Road as a corridor of ancient civilizations. It would be the 20th century before tea portering would come to an end and a functioning highway replace the men and mules. Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, 'Pu'er Tea Traditions' in: "The road line of the ancient tea-and-horse trade road", "Richness, Diversity and Natural Beauty on the Tea Horse Road", "History and Legend of Sino-Bangla Contacts", http://news.cntv.cn/2015/08/13/ARTI1439458357250340.shtml, Documentary: Insight on Asia - Asian Corridor in Heaven, Tea Horse Road - National Geographic Magazine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tea_Horse_Road&oldid=997460176, Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Yunnan, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 16:35. Williams, Tim, Lin, Roland Chih-Hung and Gai, Jorayev. Standing on the road, you can still clearly see the 70 cm-deep ruts in stone slabs caused by the stamping of horses' hooves over the centuries. China Highlights tailor-makes China tours to help travelers discover China In early years prominent monasteries would function as logistic centers and warehouses for tea as well as other items which were traded on the Tea-Horse Road. This policy guaranteed the sufficient supply of tea to Tibet, promoted the development of tea-drinking among Tibetans, and thus greatly extended the ancient Tea-Horse Road. Tea eventually gained prestige and status, sometimes being given as elaborate gifts to royalty and nobility. The Ancient Tea Horse Road has been deserted for decades. The Tea and Horse Road was an extensive network of routes connecting the important tea-growing regions in Yunnan and Sichuan with the Tibetan highlands. The first record of tea cultivation in the world suggested that tea was cultivated on Sichuan's Mount Mengding (蒙顶山) between Chengdu and Ya'an earlier than 65 BC. The name of the road (Chamadao in the Chinese records meaning “the tea and horse road”) indicates its importance in the trade of tea and horses, but other products passed along it as well. Our focus is on health and wellness and the restorative properties contained in tea, herbal infusions and wild craft foods like wild rice, North America’s original “superfood”. Once the highway started handling the trade, it would not be long before the Tea Horse Road was forgotten. THE TEA-HORSE TRADE ROUTE. The complete length of the Sichuan–Tibet road was over 4,000 kilometers, and it has a history of 1,300 years. Besides the route's importance for commercial activity, more significantly it was crucial for cultural exchange between the Indian subcontinent, Tibet and Southwest China. The ancient Tea Horse Road, which dates back to the 17th century, was a network of ancient trade routes that came into being after the Silk Road. The rise of the tea-horse trade boosted the local economy and enriched the culture of western China, while at the same time promoting development of the road. A continuation of some of the embedded moments – both large and small – of our 7.5 month expedition to chart and document the Tea Horse Road. In the Song Dynasty, some places in Sichuan, such as Mingshan, had a specialized agency of government named "Chamasi" (茶马司) to manage and supervise the tea-horse trade. The ancient tea horse road brought puerh tea from Yunnan to the rest of the Asian world. Each station along the road could represent the end or the start of a business. of China with those looking for a more authentic travel experience. The first record of tea cultivation in the world suggested that tea was cultivated on Sichuan's Mount Mengding (蒙顶山) between Chengdu and Ya'an earlier than 65 BC. Tea Horse Routes from Pu’er, Yunan and Ya’an, Sichuan to Lhasa, Tibet. But not for long. Transportation was very difficult in the southwest because there were lots of high and precipitous mountains, climbable only by narrow zigzagging roads, and rapid rivers to cross. 11 From here the route continued southwest along the Qingyi 青衣 River to Ya'an 雅安, once an important center for tea trade with connections through the Tibetan Plateau, linking up with the "Tea and Horse Trade" routes to Tibet, an important offshoot of the Southwestern Silk Road. During the Ming dynasty (1368A.D-1644A.D), the Tea-horse Trade Route via Kham officially formed, even though this trading route had existed since the early time of Song dynasty. It would be the 20th century before tea portering would come to an end and a functioning highway replace the men and mules. Starting around a thousand years ago, the Tea Horse Road was a trade link from Yunnan to Tibet; and to Central China through Sichuan Province. Meanwhile, the road also promoted exchanges in culture, religion and ethnic migration, Accompanying Michael Freeman's spectacular photographers is text drawing on first-hand experiences, primary research and This is the first comprehensive visual documentation of the Tea Horse Road that takes the audience on a journey from the birthplace of the tea plant along the oldest trade route of tea in the world. The Sichuan–Tibet Tea Horse Road stretched from Ya'an in Sichuan to Lhasa via Luding, Kangding, Batang, and Chamdo in Tibet, and extended to Nepal, Burma, and India. Markham County in the very east of Tibet. The Tea Horse Road originated from 'tea-horse trade markets'(茶马互市), the traditional 'tea-for-horse' trade between Han and Tibetan people. Ya'an has been an important hub of tea trading till the 20th century. The stone pagoda of Shita Temple (1169 AD) on the route from Chengdu to Ya'an. But not for long. Today's Lijiang is a well-preserved ancient town, known as an important survivor from the Tea Horse Road. [1] This was also a tea trade route. This route gave birth to what we now call Puerh. Tea Horse was founded by Denise Atkinson and Marc H. Bohémier and is a Certified Aboriginal Business with the Canadian Council for Aboriginal Business. The complete length of the Sichuan–Tibet road was over 4,000 kilometers, with a history of 1,300 years. Mount Mengding is the place where tea was first cultivated with written records (65 BC). Horse caravans carried tea, sugar and salt from Sichuan and Yunnan to Tibet and … It is believed that it was through this trading network that tea (typically tea bricks) first spread across China and Asia from its origins in Pu'er county, near Simao Prefecture in Yunnan. Jeff Fuchs is an explorer, author, and tea expert who was recently voted one of Canada’s ‘Greatest Explorers’ by the Royal Canadian Geographic Society. Aged altars on the roadside are engraved with all sorts of religious scriptures and mottos. We're a passionate team of one hundred avid travelers who love to share our knowledge Besides tea, silk products from Chengdu, notably Shujin (蜀锦), was also traded through this road to South Asian from around 2000 years ago. THE TEA-HORSE TRADE ROUTE. Salts, In 1696, the Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty approved of the 'tea-for-horse' trade in Kangding, which made the place become a major commercial center between inland areas and Tibet. As early as 2,000 years ago, during the Western Han dynasty (206 BC-24 AD), tea was being traded. The network once ferried horses and silver from Tibet to China in exchange for tea, but people also traded salt for tea, ivory for gold, and religious instruction for food and shelter. There are numerous surviving archaeological and monumental elements, including trails, bridges, way stations, market towns, palaces, staging posts, shrines and temples along the route. For thousands of years the Tea Horse Road was the most significant corridor connecting the ancient civilizations of Yunnan and Sichuan in Southwest China with Tibet and finally India. Apart from tea, salt was one of the most vital items traded along the route. [3][4][5][6][7] In addition to tea, the mule caravans carried salt. Buy Tea Horse Road: China's Ancient Trade Road to Tibet Reprint by Michael Freeman, Selina Ahmed (ISBN: 9786167339535) from Amazon's Book Store. See our Yunnan Tours for ways of seeing the ruins of this ancient business route. The Tea Horse Road or chamadao (simplified Chinese: 茶马道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬道), now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chamagudao (simplified Chinese: 茶马古道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬古道) was a network of caravan paths winding through the mountains of Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet in Southwest China. The Tea and Horse Caravan Road of Southwest China, aka the " Silk Road of Southwest China" – but called Chamagudao in Chinese (cha-ma-gu-dao = Tea-Horse-Ancient-Road) – is an old trade route that stretched east to west and south to north across southwest China, including present-day Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region), and down into Nepal and India (see the stylized map … I have found towns along the way there bearing the name Mangan, India and Mangan, Afghanistan The Tea Horse Road starts in the tea producing regions of Xishuangbanna in Yunnan and winds its way north through Dali, Lijiang, Yangjing and Litang in Sichuan, before eventually ending in Lhasa.Sometimes the tea and horses were … Government efforts to control the horse-tea trade with those who ruled the areas north of the Tarim Basin (in the Xinjiang of today) continued down into the sixteenth century, when it was disrupted by political disorders. Even after the Silk Road fell out of use … Accessing some of the most remote communities in all of Asia, it was at once a trade route, migration route and strategic military route that linked and provided. Final Technical Report on the results of the UNESCO/Korean Funds-in-Trust Project: Support for the Preparation for the World Heritage Serial Nomination of the Silk Roads in South Asia, 2013–2016. Under such circumstances, pack horses were the only means of transportation and made the Ancient Tea Horse Road special. The stations where traders stopped to do business later became towns or cities. The custom of drinking tea, however, had not yet developed widely in Chin… As a trade and news pipeline, the Tea Horse Road’s importance cannot be overstated. Mekong valley near Chamdo, where the river is crossed by the Tea-Horse-Route, Nathu La pass on the way from Lhasa to Calcutta. The road is far older than its name suggests; it became known for its tea and horse trade during the Tang and Song Dynasties, more than a 1000 years ago. [13], In the 21st century, the legacy of the Tea-Horse Road has been used to promote a railway that will connect Chengdu to Lhasa. China Area Few people in ancient times could finish the whole journey. Sichuan and Yunnan are believed to be the first tea-producing regions in the world. Traveling along the Ancient Tea Horse Road is returning to nature, a trip for harmony between humanity and the environment, a trip of spiritual refreshment for urban people, and a trip of adventure and discovery. Both people and horses carried heavy loads, the tea porters sometimes carrying over 60–90 kg (132-198 lb. Free delivery for many products! It is also one of the oldest and highest trade routes. New Year, What the Chinese Eat for Breakfast - 10 Popular Food, Loyalty The road also crosses numerous rivers, making it one of the most dangerous of the ancient trade routes. The trade road at the time was called Yak Road, the original ancient Tea-Horse Road. In the Tang and Song (960–1279) dynasties, the Qinghai–Tibet Highway became a major alternative for transporting tea to Tibet from Sichuan and other more eastern areas, taking the less-steep long way round through Chengdu, Xi’an (then Chang’an) and the Silk Road. Fuchs was the first documented westerner to have travelled the legendary Tea Horse Road, the nomadic Route of Salt ‘Tsa-Lam’, and the ‘Hor-Lam’, the Route of Pashmina through Ladakh. The official tea warehouse of Tea Horse Bureau (Qing Dynasty) on the route in Tianquan, Sichuan. The Tea Horse Road traces its roots back to the Tang Dynasty. The Tea Horse Road linked Sichuan, Yunnan, and Tibet, stretched across Bhutan, Sikkim, Nepal, and India, and then reached the Middle East, and even the Red Sea coast of Egypt. China needed war horses to protect its northern frontier and Tibet could supply them. And so, the recent arrival of the second LUX* Resorts hotel on China's Tea Horse Road allowed me to fulfil a dream by way of Shangri-La. The Tea Horse Road (Cha Ma Dao) was a network of mule caravan paths winding through the mountains of Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet in Southwest China. The Ancient Tea Horse Road was spectacular. [8][9][10] The porters carried metal-tipped staffs, both for balance while walking and to help support the load while they rested, so they didn't need to lay the bales down (as illustrated in the photo). The surviving ancient route in Pujiang between Chengdu and Ya'an. One of the longest and most dramatic trade routes of the ancient world, the Tea Horse Road carried a crucial exchange for 13 centuries between China and Tibet. Horse caravans served as the main means of transportation at a time of tea-for-horse trade, hence the trade route's name. and human porters to transport the trade commodities. During the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644), the Sichuan–Tibet Tea Horse Road was officially recognized, and this helped the commercial towns and cities along the road to expand, and promoted commerce between inland areas and Tibet. Sichuan and Yunnan are believed to be the first tea-producing regions in the world. Tea Horse Routes from Pu’er, Yunan and Ya’an, Sichuan to Lhasa, Tibet. With the rapid development of modern roads in the late 20th century, the ancient pathways have been superseded by the Sichuan–Tibet Highway and other Tibetan roads. Ya'an has been an important hub of tea trading till the 20th century. Kangding was the place where traders from the West needed to change their means of transportation or where they just traded with local people. And it seems they have numerous stories to tell. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Tea Horse Road: China's Ancient Trade Road to Tibet by Michael Freeman, Selina Ahmed (Paperback, 2015) at the best online prices at eBay! The Tea Horse Road traces its roots back to the Tang Dynasty. ZHANG YUN "(The) Buddhist monk, seeing what was going on and seeing, regardless of his good intentions, it wasn't going to work, left the main contingent taking me with him high into the mountains basically retracing the steps of the ancient Chamadao, the Tea Horse Trail or Tea Horse Road. Find the perfect tea horse road and china stock photo. Tea was exchanged for everything from ponies to jewels, dried herbs, and spices. Thus they were not sheer monasteries but had more important roles to play apart from performing religious activities. This road is very treacherous with narrow roads that snake along the side of mountains that easily washed out and were barely wide enough for a horse or human on foot. From around a thousand years ago, the Tea Horse Road was a trade link from Yunnan to Bengal via Myanmar; to Tibet; and to Central China via Sichuan Province. The Tea and Horse Caravan Road of Southwest China, aka the " Silk Roadof Southwest China" – but called Chamagudao in Chinese (cha-ma-gu-dao = Tea-Horse-Ancient-Road) – is an old trade route that stretched east to west and south to north across southwest China, including present-day Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region), and down into Nepal and India (see the stylized map below). Asia’s ancient Tea Horse Road Chinese tea and Tibetan horses were long traded on the legendary Tea Horse Road, a harsh 2,250km trail stretching from China’s Sichuan Province to … The ancient commercial passage, dubbed the "Ancient Tea-Horse Road", first appeared during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), and lasted until the 1960s when Tibetan highways were constructed. Tea and other products were transported to Tibet to be traded for much needed horses. The Yunnan–Tibet Tea Horse Road was similarly formed in the late 6th century. Authorities claim it will bring great benefit to the people's welfare.[14]. The historical site of Ganxipo Posthouse on the route in Tianquan, Sichuan. LINKING TIBET WITH THE HINTERLAND. © 1998-2020 China Highlights — Discovery Your Way! Through Kangding, domestic commodities, such as silk and tea, were sold to the West and, in return, goods from Southern Asia, Europe, and America flowed to inland areas of China. LUX * BENZILAN. This was also a tea trade route. Chinese tea was first produced in Sichuan Province. It is one of the most heart-quaking roads on this planet. [11][12], The route earned the name Tea-Horse Road because of the common trade of Tibetan ponies for Chinese tea, a practice dating back at least to the Song dynasty, when the sturdy horses were important for China to fight warring nomads in the north. The ancient Tea Horse Road, which dates back to the 17th century, was a network of ancient trade routes that came into being after the Silk Road. In ancient times, people in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces exchanged tea for horses or medicines with people in Tibet. The Ancient Tea Horse Road is one of the highest and most precipitous ancient roads in the world, which has carried and spread civilization and culture for centuries. ZHANG YUN "(The) Buddhist monk, seeing what was going on and seeing, regardless of his good intentions, it wasn't going to work, left the main contingent taking me with him high into the mountains basically retracing the steps of the ancient Chamadao, the Tea Horse Trail or Tea Horse Road. It is also sometimes referred to as the Southern Silk Road or Southwest Silk Road, and it is part of a complex routes system connecting China and South Asia. At that time, the biggest trading transfer station was Kangding in Sichuan. The Royal Tea Garden, named by Emperor Xiaozong of Song (1186 AD) on Mount Mengding. Abstract: The Tea Horse Road (chamagudao 茶马古道) was a trade route mainly through Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet, that stretched across Bhutan and Sikkim, Nepal and India, and then reached Western Asia. Feixiange Grottoes (689 AD), Buddhist art on the route from Chengdu to Ya'an. In addition to the Silk Road, another, smaller path, containing a caravan network, called the Tea Horse Road also became important in facilitating the tea trade in China and Tibet. The Tea Horse Road starts in the tea producing regions of Xishuangbanna in Yunnan and winds its way north through Dali, Lijiang, Yangjing and Litang in Sichuan, before eventually ending in Lhasa.Sometimes the tea … Or contact us with your ideas for how you want to explore the Ancient Tea Horse Road. The roads created by traders connected communities in neighboring valleys and villages, and became the communication links for southwest China. while horses, cows, furs, musk and other local products came out. The Ancient Tea Horse Road began in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), flourished during the Ming and Qing Dynasties(1368-1912) and reached its prime time in the middle and late periods of World War II. Years ago, tea growers and horse traders met in markets along Yunnan’s Tea-Horse Road, an old trade route also called the South Silk Road, between … The route was an essential link that connected the tea growing regions with areas that consumed tea but lacked the necessary climate for it to thrive properly. Wheeled or waterway transportation was nearly impossible. The Tea Horse Road or chamadao (simplified Chinese: 茶马道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬道), now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chamagudao (simplified Chinese: 茶马古道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬古道) was a network of caravan paths winding through the mountains of Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet in Southwest China. Tea and other products were transported to Tibet to be traded for much needed horses. Chinese businessmen often bartered local products, such as tea for yaks, with Tibetan people who lived beyond the Dadu River. The Tea Horse Road originated from 'tea-horse trade markets'(茶马互市), the traditional 'tea-for-horse' trade between Han and Tibetan people.It began with Tibetan interest in teain the Tang Dynasty(618–907), Duringthe Song Dynasty, some places in Sichuan, such as Mingshan, had a specialized governmentagency (茶马司) to manage and supervise the tea-horse trade. This planned railroad, part of the PRC's 13th 5-Year Plan, is called the Sichuan-Tibet railway (川藏铁路); it will connect cities across the route including Kangding. From the 6th century to the 20th century, people in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces traveled by foot and horseback with pack horses to exchange tea for horses with people in Tibet - and thus the pathway was called the Tea Horse Road. The Ancient Tea Horse Road winds through China's vast western area, in which diverse tourist attractions are found including a wide variety of wildlife, amazing scenery, colorful ethnic culture, splendid imperial monuments, and sites of religious practices. The road was created by humans with their feet and horses with their hooves. & Referral Program. This route would appear to have been in use long before it became an avenue for the tea and horse trade during the Tang and the Song dynasties, for it was a very important corridor connecting the ancient cultures of the areas of present Tibet, Yunnan and Sichuan. It began with Tibetan interest in tea in the Tang Dynasty(618–907), During the Song Dynasty, some places in Sichuan, such as Mingshan, had a specialized government agency (茶马司) to manage and supervise the tea-horse trade. It is also sometimes referred to as the Southern Silk Road and Ancient Tea and Horse Road. Everyday low … Across the dangerous hills and rivers of the Hengduan mountain range (spanning the west side of Sichuan and Yunnan provinces and the southeast of Tibet), invading the wild lands and forests of "the Rooftop of the World", a mysterious ancient road winds and wanders. Especially, it was vitally important for the interchange of Buddhism between China and South Asia.[2].

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